Productivity Enhancements made on Road Transportation before and after Turnpiking, 1690-1840 Author(s): Dorian Gerhold
Source: The Economic History Review, New Series, Volume. 49, No . 3 (Aug., 1996), pp. 491-515 Printed by: Wiley on behalf of the Economic History Society Secure URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2597761.
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XLIX, 3(I996), pp. 49I-5I5
just before after
By DORIAN GERHOLD
R intoitsrightful onasroad travel modesoftransport
just before railways
trend, has presented
aboutitsstructure, rapidgrowth, itsuses. 2However, effects
transform roadtransport itsproductivity remained
has been centered
starting I972 with
make use of
Albert's of thecostof transporting
goodsto illustrate direct
Pawsontoo, in I977, used thecostof goods
transfer, also the speedof traveling
packhorses waggons thegeographical
Szostak argued 'a modern
of transportation necessary the Industrial
transportation' when considerable reliable
whichcouldmovebulkgoodsat low costor high-value
existence'; as regards travel, 'required
365 days a year thata frequent
thisrequirement end up being metbythemid-eighteenth
century. a few
happen to be
problems to distinguish effects better
changes toquantify effects,
werereally important features beenclaimed.
effect turnpikes byAlbert Pawson
happen to be wholly
roadsbut by improvement waggon
financial systems scale. Provender
recognized, this individual did notsystematically long-term
rates order discount
change thelatter. 6
ratesof carriage mainroads and the more
roadswas influenced thegreater
fullloads about majorroads, as he acknowledged. 7
Similarly, speed of
1 My spouse and i am pleased PatrickO'Brien to get helpfulcomments an earlierdraftof this post, and to to
referees this journal.
2 Discover Barkerand Gerhold,
Rise and riseforsummary
three or more Albert, Turnpike
road program, i68-87.
4 Pawson, Transport,
5 Szostak, Role of transportation, several, 6, I-5, 73, 24i n. 2.
6 Albert, Turnpike...
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